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LO Tsung-lo, Plant Physiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1955
Lo Tsung-lo, was a notalbe Chinese botanist and plant physiologist. Lo was a main founder of modern plant physiology in China. Luo was born in Huangyan, Zhejiang Province on 2 Aug 1898. Lo's father was a merchant. Lo entered Hangzhou Anding Middle School in 1911. In 1912, Lo transfeered to Shanghai Nanyang Middle School and graduated in 1917. In 1930, Lo obtained PhD from Hokkaido University in Japan. Lo went back to China and in Feb 1930 became professor and the head of the department of biology at the Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou. In 1932, Lo went to Shanghai and became a professor at Jinan University. In 1933, Lo turned to the National Central University (current Nanjing University) and was a professor at its department of biology. From 1940 to 1944, Lo was a professor at Zhejiang University. In the summer of 1944, Lo became the director of the Botany Research Institute of Academia Sinica in Chongqing, where was the war-time capital of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War. After the Chinese victory in Oct 1945, Lo was sent to Taiwan by the central government, to take-over the Taihoku Imperial Univeristy (also changed its name into current National Taiwan University). In 1946, Lo became the acting president of the National Taiwan University. Thus Lo is regarded as the first president of the National Taiwan University. In Oct 1946, the Botany Research Institute of Academia Sinica was moved from Chongqing to Shanghai, and Luo was still assigned as its president. After 1949, the new People's Republic of China was founded, and Lo became the first president of the Research Institute of Plant Physiology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Lo was one of the main founders of the Chinese Society for Plant Physilogy, and was its first and second president. On 26 Oct 1978, Lo died in Shanghai Zhongshan Hospital. Luo was a member of Academia Sinica (1948 election), and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1955 election).

YIN Hongzhang, Plant Physiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1955
Yin Hongzhang, (1908-1992) Native of Guiyang, Guizhou Province. Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences since 1955, Plant Physiologist. Studied in Tsinghua University as postgraduate student (1933-l935). Served as professor of Southwest Associated University.

SHEN Shanjiong, Molecular Genetist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1980
He graduated from the National Southwest Associated University in Kunming in 1942. From 1947 to 1950, he had his graduate education, majoring in biochemical genetics at California Institute of Technology and received his Ph.D. degree in 1951. After returning to China, he was associate professor of biochemistry at the Medical School, Zhejiang University. From 1952 he has been successively the associated research professor and research professor of microbiology and genetics at the Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology, Chinese academy of Sciences. In 1980, he was elected Member of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Prof. Shen upon his return to China pursued antibiotic research. He obtained remarkable achievements in biosynthesis of aureomycin and metabolism of microorganisms. In 1974, he went back to his primary interest, Molecular Genetics. He led a group of young scientists who organized a laboratory of molecular biology of nitrogen fixation genes. His achievement is not limited to the research on the genetics of biological nitrogen fixation, but also the acceleration of the progress of molecular genetics in China. As the pioneers in the initiation of plant molecular biology study in this country, he and his young colleagues started to study the storage protein genes of soybean plants early in 1980. Shen always stresses the importance of cooperation between the research institute and universities. He thus has helped the Shanghai Jiaotong University to build a laboratory of molecular genetics which led to the department of biological sciences and technology. Shen Shanjiong has twice received the first-class award of Natural Science Prize from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1956 and again in 1981; the Achievement Award of the Chinese Engineers and Scientists Association of Southern California in 1981 and the second class award of National Natural Science Prize in 1988. He was honored the Distinguished Alumni Award from California Institute of Technology in 1996. He won awardee of Tan Kan Kee Prize in life sciences in 1997.

SHEN Yungang, Plant Physiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1980
Shen Yungang, male, Han nationality, is a native of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. He graduated from the Agricultural Chemistry Department of Zhejiang University in 1951. A plant physiologist, Shen carried out experiments on the transition of carbohydrate with plans and proved that amylase could influence the ability of phosphorlyase to synthesize starch by resolving quickly the added starch. In doing so, he negated ideas that amylase had a direct prohibitive function. In the 1960s, he started research on the mechanism of photosynthesis. This led him to discover the existence of an intermediate state of high energy during the process of photophosphorylation and advanced the notion that an intermediate state could exist in many forms. Shen also posited that the allosteric difference of coupling factors could affect the scattering and disappearing of the intermediate state of high energy and the efficiency of coupling. His research eventually led him to analyze the relation between the transitive function of energy and membrane structure. A research fellow at the Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology, Shen was elected as an academician to the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1980.

SHI Jiaonai, Plant Physiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991
Shi Jiaonai, male, Han nationality, is a native of Jinjiang, Fujian Province. He graduated from Zhejiang University in 1944. Shi made significant progress in the research on structural function and regulating properties of photosynthetic carbon metabolizing key enzyme. He also made outstanding contributions to the research of regulating mechanisms of botanic enzymes. Among his accomplishments, Shi pointed out the buildup of HMP channel in oil plants' seeds, the growth and decline between tricarboxylic-acud (T.C.A.) and glyoxysome cycle which play important significance in the synthesis of fatty acid. For the first time, he reported that in rapeseed, one endogenesis inhibitor plays the regulating role towards HMP channel. With respect to the structure and function research on PEP carboxylase of C4 plants, Shi proved there exists multiconformational status in carboxylase. He conducted extensive studies about secondary structural characteristics, space arrangement of sub-group, dissociation and aggregation of sub-group of carboxylase and multi-regulating locus of carboxylase. He successfully screened out two bacterial strains with high yield of cellulase.

YIN Wenying, Entomologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991
Yin Wenying was born in October 1922 in Pingxiang, Hebei Province, China. Graduated from Department of Biology, National Central University, Nanking in 1947. And then was appointed successively in the Institute of Zoology, Shanghai; Institute of Hydrobiology, Wuhan, and Shanghai Institute of Entomology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. She was elected member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991. Her early work was on fish parasitology and freshwater fish disease control. The effective control measures to prevent or abolish the epidemic attacks of some serious diseases of pond-fishes were found out and widely spreaded over the fish farming area in China at that time. She is one of the pioneer of the research field of freshwater fish parasites and disease control. Since 1963, she devoted to the study on systematics of Protura. 164 species belonging to 34 genera and 9 families, including 142 new species, 18 new genera and 4 new families were reported. Based upon new evidences on the postembryonic development of Sinentomon, she proposed a new conception on phylogeny of Protura in 1983, and established accordingly a new phylogenetic system for the known 54 genera in the word, which has been widely accepted and used. Through comparative studies on the ultrastructure of spermatozoa of more than 20 species of Protura, she found out that their characteristics are obviously different from that of insects, and put forward a question of "Whether Protura is really an insects?", attracting great attentions from scholars at home and abroad. According to the results of the comparative studies on ultrastructural morphology of the internal organs of Protura, which are differ greatly with that of insects. She has raised Protura from an Order belonging to the Class Insecta, to Class Protura, which is parallel to Insecta in 1996. From early 1980s, Prof. Yin has actively initiated and organized research projects on soil zoology in China. Cooperated with nearly hundred zoologists and entomologists of ten different units, through 10 years joint efforts, fulfilled the faunal investigation, the ecological experiments and toxicological researches of soil animals for the different climatic zones of China. Prof. Yin has published more than 130 research articles and 4 monographs. She has been awarded 2 National Natural Sciences Prizes, 2 CAS Prizes of Natural Sciences, and 4 prizes both of the National and CAS Prizes of Progress on Sciences and Technology.

HONG Mengmin, Molecular Geneticist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991
Hong Mengmin is a research professor at Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, was born on January 1, 1931 in Linhai, Zhejiang Province. He graduated from the Shanghai Medical College in 1953, and was elected as a Member of Chinese Academy of Science in 1991. He has engaged in the research work on the areas of microbial and plant molecular genetics. His major scientific contributions came from following projects. (1) Molecular dissection of multiple drug resistant plasmids and transposons harbored in clinical pathogenic bacteria. (2) Isolation of two immunologically unrelated pili genes, K88 and K99, from non-conjugative plasmids harbored by local enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli,and construction of a recombinant plasmid containing these two genes. These two pili antigenes produced by transformant of non-pathogenic E.coli cells were effective in preventing diarrheal disease in piglets. (3) Elucidation of the molecular mechanism controlling the rice eating quality. In this project, Prof. Hong and his coworkers found that the excision efficiency of intron 1 from Waxy gene transcript played an important role in determining the amylose content in rice emdosperm, and that the naturally occurred G→T single base mutation at the exon 1 and intron 1 junction might affect the efficiency of this intron 1 splicing. He has published more than 80 scientific papers, and received two first class and one second class Awards of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

XU Zhihong, Plant Physiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1997
Xu Zhihong is native of Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. He graduated from the Biology Department of Beijing University in 1965 and completed postgraduate studies from the Shanghai Plant Physiology Research Institute at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1969. Xu is a plant physiologist. Xu has had a long and varied academic career. He was a researcher at the Shanghai Plant Physiology Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and later served as the academy's deputy dean. In addition, Xu has been the president of Beijing University. Among his academic achievements, Xu studied the cultivation of plant organization and hereditary operation on cultivated cells. He later obtained rebirth plants from protoplasm cultivation of 15 series of important crops and woods – including soybeans, peanuts, and alamo. Xu verified that existing matter could promote growth of the male pit in anther through cultivation of anther. Xu was elected as an academician to the Third World Academy of Science in 1995. Two years later, he was elected as an academician to the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

ZHAO Guoping, Molecular Microbiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2005
Professor Zhao was born in Shanghai in 1948, is a professor of Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology (IPPE), Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). Currently, his major administrative positions are executive director of the Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai (CHGCS) and director of the National Engineering Center for BioChip at Shanghai. He is also a professor and director of the Department of Microbiology and Microbial Engineering, School of Life Science, Fudan University. He obtained his B.S. of Microbiology from Fudan University, Shanghai, China in 1982 and Ph.D. of Biochemistry from Purdue University, W. Lafayette, Indiana, USA in 1990. He was the first production manager of Shanghai Promega Biological Products, Ltd. when he returned back to China in 1992. He joined the Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology, CAS in 1995 as a professor, director of the Microbiology Laboratory and later the deputy director of the institute. He was the director of Shanghai Research Center of Biotechnology, CAS from 1997 to 1999. From 1999 to 2001, he was the vicepresident of SIBS responsible for research and planning. From 2002, he left his post at the SIBS headquarter and gradually moved to the current positions. He was a member of the Advisory Committee for Biotechnology of the State High Technology Development Program (863) from 1996 to 2005 and was elected the academician of the CAS in 2005. Prof. Zhao has been working on the structure function relationship and reaction mechanisms of microbial enzymes since his graduate studies. Based on these studies, he is also interested in developing microbial and/or protein engineering technology for industrial application of these enzymes. He developed molecular genetics manipulation systems for studying rifamycin production in a rare actinomycete, Amycolotopsis mediterranei and has been working on cloning and characterizing genes related to the bacterial global regulation, coordinating the primary and secondary metabolisms. Prof. Zhao organized the genomic sequencing and annotation project for Leptospira interrogans. By characterizing some key metabolic pathways and functions of some potential pathogenic genes, new insights are emerging for further indepth study of the disease mechanism. He contributed to the comparative and functional genomic analyses for the pathogenicity of phytopathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. In particular, employing this model system, the contributions of different genetic variations upon the host specificity phenotype that distinguishing the two different strains of the same species were analyzed in detail. He organized the consortium responsible for the study of SARS molecular epidemiology and SARS CoV evolution. He successfully analyzed the molecular evolution of the virus employing the accurate and comprehensive data of epidemiology. Meanwhile, aided by the mechanism of viral genomic variation and evolution learned via this study, the animal origin of the pathogen was strongly supported, the molecular markers of the epidemiological phases of the pandemic were assigned and the critical amino acid residues related to the cross host infection of SARS CoV were characterized. This knowledge has laid down a strong foundation for searching the nature reservoir of SARS CoV and for further understanding the mechanism of cross host infection of emerging zoonotic diseases.

CHEN Xiaoya, Plant Physiologist
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2005
Dr. Xiaoya Chen was born in Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. He graduated from Nanjing University (1982), obtained Ph.D. from Reading University, UK (1985), and conducted postdoctoral research in Tübingen University, Germany (1991-1992) and in Purdue University, USA (1992-1994). He is currently the professor of Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, President of Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, the Vice President of Chinese Society for Plant Physiologists and member (academician) of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and his research interests include plant secondary metabolism and cotton biology. He has published more than 50 papers, including those in Nature Biotechnology, Plant Cell, Plant Journal, and Plant Physiology.

LIN Hongxuan, Crop Geneticists
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2009
Dr. Hongxuan Lin, B.S., South China Agriculture University, China, 1983; M.S., Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 1986; Ph.D., Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 1994 (on-the-job postgraduate). Mar 2001 – Present, Principal Investigator and Professor, Group Leader, National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Aug 1997 - Feb 2001, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Rice Genome Research Program (RGP), Department of Molecular Genetics, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Japan; Oct 1996 - Jul 1997, Associate Professor, China National Rice Research Institute; Oct 1995 – Sep 1996, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences; Aug 1986 - Sep 1995, Research Assistant, Assistant/Associate Professor, China National Rice Research Institute. His group is interested in genetic analysis and functional characterization of genes (or QTLs) underlying important agronomic traits such as yield and abiotic stress tolerance in rice by using the rice genetic material, molecular markers from the high-density genetic linkage map, and the genome sequence data. The main aim of our study is to understand the molecular genetic mechanisms controlling important agronomic traits in crops, and to provide valuable genetic information for molecular breeding of crops.

HAN Bin, Plant Geneticists
Elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2013
Dr. Bin Han was born in April 15, 1963. He graduated from Anhui Normal University (1985) and obtained Ph.D. from John Inners Center, UK (1992). He is now the director of National Center for Gene Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and also vice President of Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has been engaged in rice genomics, population genetics, rice genome-wide association analysis and the origin of cultivated rice domestication. His group firstly completed the sequencing of rice chromosome 4 and also firstly carried out genome-wide association analysis in rice. His achievements also include cloning and identification of the rice domestication related genes such as seed hull color and awn length; system identification of the whole genome of rice domestication loci; revealing the origin of cultivated rice and domestication processes. These studies make important contributions to rice genetics.

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